Are these tests a choice that is wise?
10 years ago, organizations started developing saliva-based, at-home hereditary tests that provide people the capacity to find out about their traits that are genetic. These tests began with ancestry information, then developed to add faculties (such as for example hair loss and locks colour), predispositions for health issues (such as for instance Parkinson’s illness and cancer of the breast), and reactions to prescription that is certain. These “direct-to-consumer” (DTC) tests provide fast, affordable hereditary assessment without the need to consult a physician… But is this a very wise choice? And just how if the outcomes be interpreted and utilized?
Understand the restrictions: mail-order tests are neither comprehensive nor definitive
In March 2018, the usa Food and Drug management authorized DTC business 23andMe to report on dangers linked to the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. These genes had been catapulted to fame in 2013 by Angelina Jolie, whom exposed about her experience and choices that are preventative a carrier of a BRCA1 mutation. The BRCA1/2 genes are related to a high-risk for breast and ovarian cancer tumors, and mildly increased dangers for any other cancers. It is crucial for almost any specific considering 23andMe specifically for the BRCA1/2 mutations to comprehend its limits.
23andMe only reports on three BRCA1/2 mutations which are just present in the Ashkenazi Jewish population. You will find, in reality, over one thousand other mutations when you look at the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes being strongly related all cultural backgrounds, along with over a dozen other genes connected with dramatically increased best site dangers for breast and/or cancer that is ovarian. Mail-order testing that is genetic what you should understand 더보기