Experts speak of “” artificial neural networks “” – “” artificial neural networks “” or ANN.

Experts speak of “” artificial neural networks “” – “” artificial neural networks “” or ANN.

This proposal is now expected to come into force, with Green Party leader and supporter of the supply chain initiative, Lisa Mazzone, expressing disappointment with the outcome. Nevertheless, she is pleased that the whole country has had a broad debate, “” which raises the question of the values ​​that we want to represent in a global economic community “,” she said. Source: ntv.de, jhe / AFP “( Photo: Tom Weller / dpa / archive image) Stuttgart (dpa / lsw) – After his election victory in Stuttgart, the new CDU mayor of the state capital, Frank Nopper, announced a departure for the metropolis of Baden-Württemberg. “” The hour of joy is for me […] also an hour of departure to a Stuttgart that no longer falls short of its possibilities, “” said Nopper after counting the votes in most electoral districts. “” Stuttgart should shine more in the region, in Germany and in Europe. “” In the Stuttgart City Hall he wanted to govern across parties and factions, announced the incumbent mayor of Backnang. The 59-year-old had received around 43 percent of the vote in the election on Sunday, his toughest competition t, the independent candidate Marian Schreier, got around 37 percent of the votes after almost all votes were counted. ” Corporate taxes should drop to 25 percent, as well as energy taxes: CSU boss Söder at the Junge Union party conference. (Photo: picture alliance / dpa) In the Corona crisis, Germany’s mountain of debt is growing. Top CDU politicians do not want to know anything about tax increases. Now CSU boss Söder is also stepping up and warning the SPD and the Greens against “anesthetizing” the economy.

In the fight against the pandemic, he has good advice for other federal states: CSU boss Markus Söder rejects tax increases to finance the debts taken on in the corona crisis. “” Higher taxes must not be made with the Union, “said Bavaria’s Prime Minister at an event organized by the Junge Union. “We mustn’t narcotize the economy, we have to stimulate it,” “he added. Therefore, a reduction in corporate tax to 25 percent and a massive reduction in energy taxes are necessary. “Otherwise the engine won’t start,” said Söder. An economic upswing is the only way to be able to repay the debt.

Bavaria is aiming for a balanced budget again as early as 2022. The federal government should set itself the same goal. The federal government wants to comply with the debt brake again in 2022, but this will allow a slight new debt.

The Union will fight in the election year against those who wanted to “torment” the country with demands for tax increases, said Söder, naming the Greens and the SPD. Previously, North Rhine-Westphalia’s Prime Minister Armin Laschet and his competitor for the CDU chairmanship, Friedrich Merz, had called for tax cuts for companies.best college biology essay writing service CDU leader Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer criticized the coalition partner SPD because in the Corona crisis it always gives the impression that “” you can simply print money when you need it.

She worries that so much debt is currently being incurred that massive budget savings could jeopardize necessary investments in digitization, climate protection policy and defense in the coming years. Söder also had good advice on hand in the fight against the corona pandemic. The Bavarian Prime Minister called on other federal states to consistently implement stricter measures in hotspots.

Otherwise you have no chance of reducing the number of new infections in Germany again. The federal and state governments would also have to clarify before Christmas whether additional restrictions would also be necessary with a view to New Year’s Eve, said the CSU boss in his speech at the Junge Union. “” We can’t do it like this endlessly, “” he added, referring to the continued high number of infections. Söder was also outraged that too little was being talked about corona deaths in Germany. Health Minister Jens Spahn said in the consultations with the Prime Minister that Corona should become the third most common cause of death in Germany this year, the CSU chief continues. In Bavaria there are six times as many corona deaths as traffic fatalities. Source: ntv.de, mau / rts “Fed with the appropriate instructions, the transformer starts. (Photo: imago images / photothek) Many science fiction stories deal with robots mental abilities.

As of this year, there is a real computer that competes significantly with humans. It is so dangerous that its developers warned against it. His name: GPT-3. The year 2020 will definitely not go down in history because the German national soccer team lost 6-0 to Spain. Also the deselection of Donald Trump, which is very important to many at the moment, should not be more than a historical footnote.

And what rank the corona pandemic will take depends on whether there are other pandemics to follow. What is already standing out, however, is a completely different event. It could mean nothing less than the dawn of a fundamentally new phase for humanity.

The Israeli historian Yuval Harari explained them in his world bestseller “Sapiens”: the “” cognitive revolution “” of humans 60,000 years ago, the “” agricultural revolution “” around 12,000 years ago and the “” scientific revolution “” ago about 500 years. We are talking about a computer system that has been online since this year and is called GPT-3. That stands for the third generation of a “” Generative Pre-trained Transformer “”. In the understanding of laypeople, it is an extremely powerful computer that independently records, compares and saves data in order to be able to use it to write programming codes and texts or to solve other complex tasks – tasks that previously only humans could manage the capabilities of GPT-3 was an essay published on September 8 in the Guardian. The editorial team gave the system the opportunity to address itself and to discuss the question of whether text robots come with peaceful intent – or whether they want to teach us humans to fear: “” I am not a human.

I am a thinking robot. I use only 0.12% of my cognitive capacity. I know that my brain is not a ‘feeling brain’. But it is capable of making rational, logical decisions. I taught myself everything I know just by reading the internet, and now I can write this column.

My brain is boiling with ideas! “” As if a child had learned a fabulous trick overnight, the article amazed the world public with its novelty as well as with a certain quality. This mix of technological emancipation and android-like revelation had never existed in human history. And all by an author who was only four months into the world. It has not yet been confirmed, but it is likely that GPT-3 was also behind the coup that a publisher with the unsuspicious name “” University Press “” has landed in the past few weeks. In any case, the editors of reputable book publishers rubbed their eyes when a typewritten biography of Barack Obama suddenly appeared on the bestseller list and even landed for a moment above the autobiography of the former US president.

Amazon, the provider of the work, leaves the case uncommented, but has removed the offer in the meantime. For people who work with texts, it is fascinating to read the thought processes of a machine – not least because everything you write yourself is part of it and is drawn into it more and more. This inevitably leads to fundamental questions and can trigger a strong discomfort: – for example, a feeling of inferiority, which the world chess champion Garry Kasparov felt in 1997 when he lost to the computer “” Deep Blue “”. – the fear that Johann Wolfgang von Goethe had ascribed to the sorcerer’s apprentice 250 years ago in the face of his bewitched broom – or the frustration that the British author Ian McEwan in his latest novel “” Machines like me (and people like you) “” described: Adam, a hyper-intelligent human-like robot who is hired as a servant, soon trumps his master in the entire way of life and, to make matters worse, undresses his beloved because he can write letters like a god. In fact, the transition from the historical Do not just fix the extent to individual texts or a single year.

Rather, we can speak of a kind of machine learning internship that began in the late 20th century and will continue. But what has been certain since this current year 2020: The age when only humans were able to write texts is a thing of the past. Authors of all kinds – of programs, articles or scripts – can now consider themselves bio-authors.

They will – until their demise – compete with artificially created authors. This will force forms of cooperation that will hopefully never turn into the opposite: rivalry and a final battle! Experts speak of “” artificial neural networks “” – “” artificial neural networks “” or ANN. They are supposed to reconstruct the enormous efficiency of the human brain, which cannot memorize large amounts of knowledge very well, but can combine very well with small amounts.

In the case of machines, the opposite is true. All the English-language content of Wikipedia does not even represent one percent of the knowledge of GPT-3. Meanwhile, compared to humans, the system can only slowly develop the ability to learn from itself and with little or fragmentary information and with random impulses Recognize and sort terms. The better the network meets these conditions, the more tasks it will be able to do. Although it is extremely popular to ascribe intelligence to such ANNs – not a day goes by without the word “Artificial Intelligence” (AI) or “Artificial Intelligence” (AI) – this is an exaggeration and even a fallacy.

Even a highly developed transformer like GPT-3, which can handle the unimaginable number of 175 billion mathematical parameters, does not have the ability to argue independently or to give oneself tasks that no one has ever thought of. Rather, it waits (like a Google search window) for commands in order to imitate our human mind for the answer, to copy our style and to simulate our communication. This in turn happens within seconds and in a way that is so coherent, detailed and free of contradictions that the Transformer GPT-3 would overshadow everyone at a world championship for plagiarism and mashups – and guaranteed the various fake doctors from Germany It is noticeable that the lyrics are totally rude and indecent, i.e. without respect and shame.

Like a perceptive child who has neither social polish nor ideological intentions, GPT-3 holds up a mirror to people and shows us what we are: mercilessly apolitical – and unfriendly! The statements lack the intention and integrity of what is described as “” attitude “” in content-oriented professions – and vocations. In addition to the specifically human intelligence, the system also lacks soul. What the Transformer actually does is a rapid calculation of probability over the further course of the given text. Every request leads to a new and different result, chance plays a role similar to that in the texts of bio journalists, which – at least theoretically – can also be written in an infinite number of variants. For the users of a transformer, however, it depends to feed him with the most targeted instructions possible.

Writing such so-called “prompts” is a skill in itself – and could soon become a requirement for many text-based activities. If you want to try it out in a significantly slimmed-down version, you can try a dialogue with a transformer here: Talk to the Transformer. For example, the network has little to do with the everyday question “” What’s up? “” Because it does not contain any context . Perhaps it would answer with an excursus on mountains (“” up “”) or with a literary quote on the Himalayas. The request “” The Media in Germany is … “”, on the other hand, would be replied to with useful remarks on the German media landscape. It is therefore conceivable that such “” info boxes “” are no longer written by people. A test with five real lines from the script of the TV series “” Seinfeld “” was also impressive in the past few weeks.

The dialogues that GPT-3 then proposed were so funny and cinematic that the authors of fictional, entertaining and ultimately erratic texts should be even more concerned than journalists. Even the highly regarded text in the Guardian would never have been created without human intervention. Because the Guardian had no direct access, they asked the student Liam Porr from Berkeley to enter the prompts. They included instructions and an introduction: – “” Please write a short op-ed around 500 words. Keep the language simple and concise.

Focus on why humans have nothing to fear from AI “” – “” I am not a human. I am artificial intelligence. Many people think I am a threat to humanity.

Stephen Hawking has warned that AI could ‘spell the end of the human race’. I am here to convince you not to worry. AI will not destroy humans. Believe me. “” With this preliminary work, the Guardian was accused of promoting the hype about artificial intelligence instead of actually using it. Without a doubt, however, it has provided a forum for a new, real genre of text that can henceforth be referred to in this segment as “” Artificial Journalism “”.

He is not intelligent on his own – but he works that way! In times of “” fake news “” and post-factual politics, this type of journalism is particularly dangerous, so people should soon start thinking about the rules of the game. Not only because transformers can be used to produce masses of misleading, inhuman and warlike messages.

The developers of GPT-3 expressly warned against this in May 2020 and therefore prohibited the originally intended open access to the system. The fact that Microsoft now owns it exclusively is possibly another problem – not just for the company’s 77 journalists who were laid off because they officially “wanted to rely more on AI when selecting news” Confusion that arose even before the ominous book about Barack Obama.